UN report on violence in Afghanistan: From January to June this year, 1659 people died and 3254 were injured,
47% more causalities than in 2020.
The ongoing violence in Afghanistan has resulted in a record number of casualties in the first 6 months of 2021. The UN report states that during this time 1 thousand 659 people died and 3 thousand 254 people were injured. This is 47% more than the casualties during the same period last year. This casualty has been provided by anti-government elements (AGE) 64%, Taliban 39%, Islamic State-Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP) 9% and unknown organizations 16%.
According to the report, in the first 6 months of 2021, about half of all these casualties were women and children. Of those killed, 32 percent are children, of which 468 are children and 1214 children have been injured. Among the dead, 14 percent are women, of whom 219 are, while the number of injured is 508. 95 percent of the withdrawal of US-NATO troops has been completed and they will be fully withdrawn from Afghanistan by August 31.
Increase in casualties in May-June The
report revealed that there was an increase in the number of casualties in May-June. The number of dead and injured in the violence in these two months is equal to the number from January to April. In fact, this month foreign forces went out of Afghanistan, due to which the violence here increased significantly.
Most of the violence took place in the outskirts of the city
It was reported that in May and June most of the violence took place in the outskirts of the city. Had the army acted in time, the casualties could have been reduced. The UN has warned that this year’s casualties could reach record numbers if violence in Afghanistan does not subside.
Efforts to solve the issue through dialogue will intensify
UN official Deborah Leone said the need to intensify efforts to resolve the issue through dialogue Afghan leaders and the Taliban. At the same time, the Afghans will have to stop fighting among themselves. He expressed hope that soon the situation will return to normal.
Taliban capture many areas of Afghanistan The Taliban have captured
many parts of Afghanistan in recent times. It has also strengthened its hold on the borders with many neighboring countries and remains in danger of capturing many provincial capitals.
What and how is the Taliban?
- From 1979 to 1989, Afghanistan was ruled by the Soviet Union. America, Pakistan and Arab countries continued to give money and weapons to Afghan fighters (Mujahideen). When Soviet forces left Afghanistan, the Mujahideen factions came under one banner. It was named Taliban. However, the Taliban is divided into several factions.
- The Taliban are 90% Pashtun tribesmen. Most of them belong to the madrassas of Pakistan. Taliban means student or student in Pashto language.
- There are also many Pashtuns in western and northern Pakistan. America and Western countries see them divided as Afghan Taliban and Taliban Pakistan.
- The Taliban ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001. During this time only 3 countries of the world took the risk of recognizing its government. All three countries were Sunni-majority Islamic republics. Their names were Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Pakistan.